Avro York G-ANTK

213
Capacity Length Wingspan Height
56 Passengers 78 ft 6 in (23.9 m) 102 ft 0 in (31.1 m) 16 ft 6 in (5 m)
Max Take off Weight Cruise speed Range
65.000 lb (29.480 kg) 298 mph (479 km/h) 3.000 mi (4.800 km)

Operators:

Royal Air Force, BOAC, British South American Airways, Skyways Ltd,

 

The Avro York was a long-range transport that was designed to use the same wings, engines, undercarriage, and tail unit (with a third fin added) as the Lancaster bomber. ‘TK was built at Yeadon and was rolled out in January 1946. It entered RAF service with 242 Squadron as MW 232 that August, being based for a time at Oakington. In May 1947 it moved to 511 Squadron at Lyneham, and was used on trooping and cargo flights, including many to the Far East. In 1948/49 it was used on the Berlin Air Lift operation, and had the distinction of carrying the 100,000th ton of supplies into the city. It suffered an undercarriage collapse during a landing there, in January 1949, but was repaired and put into storage. In 1950/51 it was used by Fairey Aviation for in-flight refuelling trials before being put back into storage awaiting disposal.

 

In 1954 it was bought by Dan-Air and registered G-ANTK. It was based firstly at Blackbushe and then at Gtawick, and was used mainly on long-range freight charters to Africa and the Far East, including many flights under an MoD contract to the Woomera Rocket Range in Australia. It was finally retired at Lasham in April 1964. It was fitted with bunks and used for a time by Scouts as their headquarters. In 1974, with the aircraft deteriorating badly through standing outside, a group of Dan-Air engineers began restoring the aircraft in their spare time, but this proved difficult because of the limited time which they could devote to the job, and eventually Dan-Air offered both the York and their Airspeed Ambassador to the DAS on long-term loan for restoration and preservation at Duxford. The York was moved by road to Duxford on 23rd May 1986 and after a complete restoration which took 20 years, it was given an official roll-out before being moved into the new AirSpace building where it is now permanently on display.

 

A number of items of historical interest are housed in the York. One is a wheel recovered from the York aircraft in which Air Chief Marshall Sir Trafford Leigh-Mallory was killed on November 14th 1944 when en route to Burma to take up the post of Air Commander-in-Chief of South East Asia Command (SEAC). The aircraft crashed in France in bad weather and this wheel was recovered from the crash site. Leigh-Mallory had direct connections with Duxford: during the Battle of Britain he was in command of 12 Group RAF Fighter Command, which included the squadrons based here. There is also a seat used by the late British Prime Minister Harold Wilson (then Secretary for Overseas Trade) when he was flying home from a trade mission to Moscow in 1947. His York aircraft overshot the runway at Heathrow and Mr Wilson was injured in the crash.